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Housing Disrepair Claims on the Rise: Effects of the Homes (Fitness for Human Habitation) Act 2018

Housing Disrepair
Housing Disrepair Claims have more than doubled since 2018

The Homes (Fitness for Human Habitation) Act 2018 marked a significant milestone in the realm of tenant rights and housing standards in the United Kingdom. Aimed at ensuring that residential properties are fit for habitation, the legislation has empowered tenants to take action against landlords who fail to maintain adequate living conditions. Since the enactment of the Act, there has been a noticeable surge in housing disrepair claims across the country, shedding light on the previously unaddressed issues faced by tenants. This article delves into the implications of the Homes Act, the reasons behind the rising number of disrepair claims, and the broader impact on the rental landscape in the UK.

The Homes (Fitness for Human Habitation) Act 2018:

Before the introduction of the Homes Act, tenants in the UK often found themselves in substandard living conditions without proper legal recourse. The Act, which came into force on March 20, 2019, amended the Landlord and Tenant Act 1985, empowering tenants to take legal action against landlords who failed to maintain their properties adequately. The key provision of the Homes Act is to ensure that rented residential properties are fit for human habitation at the beginning and throughout the tenancy.

Under the Act, tenants can now seek legal redress if their homes pose a risk to health and safety due to issues such as damp, mould, structural defects, and inadequate heating or sanitation facilities. The Act covers both social and private rented sectors, creating a comprehensive framework for addressing housing disrepair issues.

The Surge in Housing Disrepair Claims:

The implementation of the Homes Act has led to a notable increase in housing disrepair claims across the UK. The number of claims against social landlords increased 132% from 2018 to 2021.

This surge can be attributed to several factors, including heightened awareness among tenants of their rights, the ease of initiating legal action, and a growing acknowledgement of the need for improved living conditions.

1.     Awareness and Education: The Homes Act has played a crucial role in raising awareness among tenants about their rights regarding housing conditions. Many renters were previously unaware of the legal avenues available to them when faced with disrepair issues. The Act has prompted advocacy groups, legal professionals, and government agencies to engage in educational campaigns, empowering tenants to recognize and address substandard living conditions.

2.     Legal Redress: The Homes Act has simplified the legal process for tenants seeking redress for housing disrepair issues. The Act allows tenants to take their landlords to court if the property is not fit for human habitation. This streamlined process has encouraged more tenants to pursue legal action against landlords, as they now have a clearer and more accessible route to address their grievances.

3.     Increased Scrutiny on Landlords: With the Homes Act in place, landlords are now under increased scrutiny to maintain their properties to a higher standard. The legislation has shifted the responsibility onto landlords to ensure that their rental properties meet the fitness for human habitation criteria. This change has compelled landlords to be more proactive in addressing disrepair issues and maintaining better living conditions.

4.     Improved Enforcement Mechanisms: The Homes Act has strengthened enforcement mechanisms by providing tenants with the right to take legal action. This shift in power dynamics has encouraged landlords to address housing disrepair issues promptly to avoid legal consequences. The increased threat of litigation has incentivised landlords to prioritise property maintenance, resulting in improved living conditions for tenants.

Impact on the Rental Landscape:

The surge in housing disrepair claims has not only impacted individual landlords but has also influenced the broader rental landscape in the UK. Several key trends and consequences have emerged as a result of the Homes Act and the subsequent rise in disrepair claims.

1.     Heightened Landlord Accountability: The Homes Act has elevated the level of accountability expected from landlords. With tenants now empowered to take legal action, landlords are more conscious of their responsibilities to maintain properties in compliance with the fitness for human habitation standard. This has led to a positive shift in landlord behaviour, with many proactively addressing maintenance issues to avoid legal disputes.

2.     Impact on Rental Prices: As landlords face increased pressure to maintain their properties to a higher standard, some may pass on the associated costs to tenants in the form of higher rental prices. The need for landlords to invest in property improvements and repairs may contribute to an overall upward trend in rental prices, particularly in areas where housing demand outstrips supply.

3.     Housing Market Dynamics: The Homes Act has influenced the dynamics of the housing market, with tenants becoming more discerning in their choices. Properties that meet the fitness for human habitation standard are likely to be in higher demand, while landlords with a track record of neglecting maintenance may experience challenges in attracting and retaining tenants.

4.     Role of Property Management Companies: Property management companies have assumed a more critical role in ensuring that rental properties meet the required standards. Landlords may increasingly turn to professional property management services to handle the maintenance and upkeep of their properties, ensuring compliance with the Homes Act and minimising the risk of disrepair claims.


The Homes (Fitness for Human Habitation) Act 2018 has been a transformative piece of legislation, significantly impacting the relationship between landlords and tenants in the UK. The surge in housing disrepair claims since the Act came into force reflects a positive shift toward ensuring that rental properties meet basic standards of habitability. While challenges remain, including potential impacts on rental prices, the overall impact of the Homes Act is a step forward in creating a rental landscape where tenants are empowered to assert their rights and live in safe and habitable conditions. As the implementation of the Act continues to unfold, it remains essential to monitor its long-term effects on housing standards, tenant-landlord relationships, and the broader housing market.

1 Comment

Dec 23, 2023

I know councils are struggling with money, but the conditions they allow people to live in is so dangerous. It says a lot that as soon as the law says conditions have to be half liveable, all these extra claims are made

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